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March is Women’s History Month

Posted By briana On March 1, 2011 @ 6:48 am In Business Ownership,Economy,Income,Population | 2 Comments

Tweet [1]

A [2] The role of women in history was first commemorated in March 1978 as Women’s History Week in Sonoma County, California [3]. Congress issued a joint resolution proclaiming a national Women’s History Week in 1981, and expanded the celebration to an entire month in 1987. Since then, Congress has designated every March as Women’s History Month [4].

The statistics collected by the U.S. Census Bureau reveal many facts about the changing female population of the United States over time. For example:

  • The 1790 Census [5] counted 1.5 million women (and almost 1.6 million men) living in the United States. On October 1 2010, there were 157 million women and 153 million men in the United States (Source: Population estimates [6]).
  • The median income [7] of women who worked full time was $37,000 in 2009, compared to $19,000 (adjusting for inflation) in 1955. In comparison, men’s median income was $49,000 in 2009 and almost $30,000 in 1955.
  • In 1960 [8], women accounted for 4 percent of the employees in the protective services (such as firefighters and police officers) and 63 percent of education professionals. Today [9], women account for 22 percent of protective service employees and 69 percent of the education workforce (Source: 2005-2009 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates [10]).
  • Prior to the passage of Title IX [11] of the Education Amendments of 1972, 7 percent of all high school athletes [12] [PDF 209.5 KB] were girls. In 2000, girls accounted for 42 percent of high school athletes (Source: Statistical Abstract of the United States). [13]
  • Between 1997 and 2007, the number of women-owned businesses [14] increased from 5.4 million to 7.8 million. Today women own almost 29 percent of all businesses in the United States.

This Month in Census History [15]: On March 31, 1951, the U.S. Census Bureau installed the UNIVAC I [16]. The UNIVAC I was the first commercial, general-purpose data processing computer. It was used to tabulate part of the 1950 census [17] of population and the 1954 economic census [18].


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URL to article: http://blogs.census.gov/2011/03/01/march-is-womens-history-month/

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[1] Tweet: https://twitter.com/share

[2] Image: http://blogs.census.gov/wp-content/blogs.dir/11/files/2012/03/6a0120a61b56ed970c014e5f904214970c-800wi.jpg

[3] Sonoma County, California: http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ACSSAFFFacts?_event=&geo_id=05000US06097&_geoContext=01000US|04000US06|05000US06097&_street=&_county=Sonoma+County&_cityTown=Sonoma+County&_state=04000US06&_zip=&_lang=en&_sse=on&ActiveGeoDiv=geoSelect&_useEV=&pctxt=fph&pgsl=050&_submenuId=factsheet_1&ds_name=null&_ci_nbr=null&qr_name=null&reg=null%3Anull&_keyword=&_industry=

[4] Women’s History Month: http://www.census.gov/newsroom/releases/archives/facts_for_features_special_editions/cb11-ff04.html

[5] 1790 Census: http://www.census.gov/history/www/through_the_decades/overview/1790.html

[6] Source: Population estimates: http://www.census.gov/popest/national/asrh/2009-nat-res.html

[7] median income: http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/income/data/historical/people/index.html

[8] 1960: http://www.census.gov/history/www/through_the_decades/overview/1960.html

[9] Today: http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/STTable?_bm=y&-geo_id=01000US&-qr_name=ACS_2009_5YR_G00_S2401&-ds_name=ACS_2009_5YR_G00_&-redoLog=false

[10] Source: 2005-2009 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates: http://www.census.gov/acs/www/

[11] Title IX: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Title_IX

[12] high school athletes: http://www.census.gov/prod/2003pubs/02statab/arts.pdf

[13] Source: Statistical Abstract of the United States).: http://www.census.gov/compendia/statab/

[14] women-owned businesses: http://www.census.gov/econ/sbo/get07sof.html?8

[15] This Month in Census History: http://www.census.gov/history/

[16] UNIVAC I: http://www.census.gov/history/www/innovations/technology/univac_i.html

[17] 1950 census: http://www.census.gov/history/www/through_the_decades/overview/1950.html

[18] 1954 economic census: http://www.census.gov/history/www/programs/economic/economic_census.html

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