March is Women’s History Month

A The role of women in history was first commemorated in March 1978 as Women’s History Week in Sonoma County, California. Congress issued a joint resolution proclaiming a national Women’s History Week in 1981, and expanded the celebration to an entire month in 1987. Since then, Congress has designated every March as Women’s History Month.

The statistics collected by the U.S. Census Bureau reveal many facts about the changing female population of the United States over time. For example:

  • The 1790 Census counted 1.5 million women (and almost 1.6 million men) living in the United States. On October 1 2010, there were 157 million women and 153 million men in the United States (Source: Population estimates).
  • The median income of women who worked full time was $37,000 in 2009, compared to $19,000 (adjusting for inflation) in 1955. In comparison, men’s median income was $49,000 in 2009 and almost $30,000 in 1955.
  • In 1960, women accounted for 4 percent of the employees in the protective services (such as firefighters and police officers) and 63 percent of education professionals. Today, women account for 22 percent of protective service employees and 69 percent of the education workforce (Source: 2005-2009 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates).
  • Prior to the passage of Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, 7 percent of all high school athletes [PDF 209.5 KB] were girls. In 2000, girls accounted for 42 percent of high school athletes (Source: Statistical Abstract of the United States).
  • Between 1997 and 2007, the number of women-owned businesses increased from 5.4 million to 7.8 million. Today women own almost 29 percent of all businesses in the United States.

This Month in Census History: On March 31, 1951, the U.S. Census Bureau installed the UNIVAC I. The UNIVAC I was the first commercial, general-purpose data processing computer. It was used to tabulate part of the 1950 census of population and the 1954 economic census.

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2 Responses to March is Women’s History Month

  1. Blanca Merced says:

    Are there any stats or success stories of women and real estate who have risen above the challenges of the current economy?

  2. Gary Zaetz says:

    Among the 74000 Americans still missing from World War II are 27 American servicewomen, listed below. It is to America’s shame that the remains of these courageous women and of all the other American MIAs of World War II are still unrecovered after so many years, largely due to the grossly insufficient funds our Government allocates to our military’s remains recovery program. In honor of Women’s History Month (2011), please demand from our Congressional representatives that our Government start adequately funding this program.
    WASP Gertrude V. Tompkins-Silver of Jersey City, New Jersey
    2nd Lt. Eloise M. Richardson of Marseilles, Illinois
    2nd Lt. Thelma M. LaFave of Elmwood, Michigan
    PFC Alethia M. Fair of Los Angeles, California
    Sgt. Helen G. Kent of Los Angeles, California
    PFC Mary M. Landau of Brooklyn, New York
    Sgt. Belle G. Naimer of New York, New York
    TEC3 Marion W. McMonagle of Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania
    S/Sgt. Laura E. Besley of Dauphin County, Pennsylvania
    PFC Rose Brohinsky of San Francisco, California
    Sgt. Doris Cooper of Champaign, Illinois
    PFC Flossie D. Flannery of Springport, Indiana
    PFC Frieda C. Friend of New York, New York
    PFC Mary M. Gollinger of Tacoma, Washington
    CPL Velma E. Holden of Asheville, North Carolina
    PFC Odessa Lou Hollingsworth of Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
    PFC Alice D. King of Oswego, Oregon
    PFC Wilma E. Liles of Dallas, Texas
    PFC Evelyn L. McBride of Inglewood, California
    PFC Alice Pauline McKinney of Big Bay, Michigan
    PFC Rose F. Puchalla of Minneapolis, Minnesota
    PFC Mildred E. Rice of Kansas City, Kansas
    PFC Pearl Roomsburg of Lomita, California
    PFC Helen F. Rozzelle of Washington, D.C.
    PFC Leona M. Seyfert of Chicago, Illinois
    PFC Ruth E. Warlick of Goldthwaite, Texas
    PFC Bonnie L. Williams of Glenda Springs, Kansas

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